Board Minutes of PBC Beekeepers
Date: October 7, 2011
Called to order: 6:05 PM
Present: Len Khan, Sara White, Chris Schwartz
Treasurer’s Report: Total funds of $10,694.47. The association will be looking for a committee of two member volunteers to conduct an internal audit.
Minutes Correction: For cottage industry honey, sales may total no more than $15,000, not 1,500 gallons of honey. Beekeepers name and address must be on label. State registration number is not needed.
5 Amendments: to be voted at meeting as reported last month.
Nominations: Both Len Khan and Christine Schwartz are stepping down from the board and a new president and secretary are needed. Sara White has agreed to continue as treasurer. There was a nomination for Jim Chapman for president. Nominations to take place at the October meeting and voting will be in November.
PB Beekeepers Conference: Current plans to be put to the members for a vote. Kim Flottum would be the keynote and resource speaker. Those who agreed to attend as resource speakers are Gary Ranker from the FSBA and Bud Grant, retired apiary inspector. Details and the budget are to be discussed at the November meeting. There will be a complimentary catered lunch for approximately 80 people, the capacity of Pine Jog Environmental Center. It is proposed that this will consist of a one day conference.
Volunteers will be required for the event and details will be present at the November meeting.
Hands on basics for beginners: This will continue if 6-8 people sign up.
Outreach: Lantana Greenfest October 22, 10AM-2PM
Orchard View Elementary in Delray has requested a speaker.
Guest Speaker: Mark McCoy, a commercial beekeeper will be the November speaker.
South Florida Fair: Roger to help with sign-up sheets for volunteers. Brendhan has agreed to coordinate the observation hives.
FSBA- Conference will be held in Orlando October 27, 28, 29.
Free Raffle: Idea proposed for December meeting and to be presented to members. Also suggested was a member appreciation dinner/picnic, the idea being a way to recognize and thank those members who frequently volunteer.
Meeting adjourned at 6:35 PM
Minutes of PBC Beekeepers
Date: October 7, 2011
Called to order 7:10 PM
34 members 14 Visitors
Minutes Correction: Regarding the new law for cottage industry honey, there is a maximum of $15,000 sales not 1,500 gallons of honey. Just the beekeepers name and address is required on the label, not the registration numbers. Corrections approved Sara 1st, John 2nd.
Speaker: Dr. William H. Kern, Jr. Associate professor of the University of Florida
Topic: Africanized honey bees
-It is still illegal to keep Africanized honey bees in Florida without a permit, however, this may change.
-Africanized honeybees are a “plastic” subspecies with a wide variety of behaviors from extremely nasty to some, when smoked, as docile as Italians.
-Florida is one of the strongest beekeeping industries and has more state support than the rest of the country.
-Western honeybees are Apis Mellifera. Within the species are many subspecies. Scutellata is referred to as the Africanized honeybee.
- Bees were kept in the Mediterranean region for 4,000 years which allowed much time for selection based on gentleness, good honey producers and domestication. African honeybees have not gone through the process of human selection. They are more wild and non-domesticated.
-African honeybees were brought to Brazil in 1954 in an attempt to create a honeybee that would do well in a tropical climate. In 1957, some escaped. By 1985 South America and half of Central America had Africanized honeybees. They reached southern Texas in 1990. By 1994, Africanized bees were in California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. By 2005 they were found in Florida away from ports.
-Africanized honey bees
Have more receptors to alarm pheromones on their antenna
Respond quicker and longer to an alarm
Swarm more often. The swarm size is dependent on the colony size.
They are less particular about nesting sites because they are from a subtropical climate and don’t need to accumulate large stores of honey.
More prone to absconding
African colonies should be re-queened to weaken a colony. This can be somewhat difficult. Remove original queen cells. When AHB are desperate enough, they will accept a European Queen, 2 times out of 3.
Swarms are a way for colonies to divide when they get too large for a hive location.
The old queen and some workers leave the old colony to found a new colony.
Swarming bees are not defensive because they do not have resources (honey and brood) to defend
Even Africanized bees are not very defensive at this state.
Africanized bees tend to be more flighty than European honeybees.
When comb is present, expect bees to be VERY DEFENSIVE. They have something to protect.
-Bee suit with zippered veil and bee gloves
-Always wear eye protection or a face shield, goggles under a veil so bees can’t spray venom into your eyes.
-Smoke blocks receptor sites for pheromones; however you must watch out for returning foragers who have not been smoked.
-Wear a sting suit, veil, leather gloves, eye protection and duct tape helps close areas.
Africanized HB will spray venom through your veil.
-Danger zone of an Africanized colony is 150 feet and then goes out to 150 yards (when agitated) to all directions, which is 2 residential blocks. Your smoker is your best friend. Fuels include: pine needles, wood chips, burlap, dried banana leaves. There is also commercial smoker fuel. Pet bedding products will also work.
-Feral bees in the US are all mongrels. You cannot tell if a bee is Africanized by looking at it. Generally AHB drones fly into the box whereas EHB land and then walk in.
-Open aerial nests are more likely to be AHB. Bees within a tree cavity could be either.
-AHB’s are often first discovered in water meter and irrigation valve boxes.
Locating bees /cut-outs
Thermal imaging (is expensive)
Infared laser thermometer—cost about $50.
A circular saw has less vibration than a reciprocal saw. You can also adjust the depth of the cut.
Perimeter swarm traps can be effective.
AHB have more drones and drones fly faster than EHB so more AHB mate.
South of I-4 95% of feral bees are Africanized. Managed bees have a much lower ratio.
We almost never have problems with tracheal mite in any bee in South Florida. It happens in temperate climates where bees are locked up.
AHB have shorter development time. The longer development time causes an increase in varroa destructor. In general AHB have less trouble with varroa. The varroa is a vector for lots of viruses.
Currently there is no safe varroa treatment that won’t affect the bees.
The number of varroa detrimental is 5 adult varroa per 50 bees.
Pull out drone brood and look for mites. 1-2 has a potential for trouble. 5 is heavy.
European Queens shut down in production in fall which gives a virus more time. It was thought this may be the cause of CCD.
American Foulbrood is caused by a spore forming bacterium Paenibacillus.
AHB evolved with small hive beetles,
Use a CD case turned upside down with the clear side down. Break the prongs, use pear extract or pear juice as an attractant.
Get the stinger out ASAP. Gently scrape the blunt end. The 3 greatest risks:
If you get more than 400 stings, you will be in the hospital for about 3 days to monitor organs.
Signs of trouble when stung:
-large areas of swelling
-tightness in throat or chest
-Nausea or vomiting
-Persistent pain or swelling
-Apply a cold compress or ice pack wrapped in cloth
-Paste of baking soda or water
Talk to an MD before taking Benadryl unless you’ve previously spoken to one. Benadryl might mask symptoms of stings.
Treasurer’s report: Total funds $10,694.47
Request was made for 2 members with bookkeeping/accounting experience to conduct an internal audit. Les and Karin volunteered.
The following 5 items were unanimously voted upon by members:
-This is an amendment to the constitution article 5: Dues. Item 2 . to read:” The membership year shall be from January 1st to December 31st of each year. New members joining after June, will be provided with their membership continuing into the next year.’
The annual dues shall be payable at the January meeting of each year. A member becomes delinquent if dues are not paid by the February meeting’.
-Amendment to By-Laws. Article 5. Section 1. Item 3: ‘Also make an annual statement of monies collected during the prior calendar year (January 1st to December 31st) and present it at the meeting in January.
-Amendment to By-Laws: Article 5: To add section 3.The following standing committee chairperson shall be appointed by the President:
-Hospitality Committee of one person who will ensure that the meeting place is in order before and after the close of each meeting. May also serve refreshments provided by the association.
-Amendment to Article 7: Duties of the Officers. Item 6.To be added: The President shall appoint all standing committee chairpersons except the nominating committee. Such chairpersons are not members of the board.
Nominations for 2012 year:
President- Jim Chapman
Vice President- Al Salopek
Treasurer- Sara White
Voting will take place in November.
PB Beekeepers Conference- There will be a 1 day program to be held April 14, 2012 at Pine Jog Environmental for beginner and advanced beekeepers. Gary Ranker from the FSBA and Bud Grant, retired apiary inspector will be resource speakers. Kim Flottum will be the keynote speaker.
Dr. Kern, at this meeting, also agreed to be a resource speaker. Details and the budget will be discussed at the November meeting. There will be a complimentary lunch for approximately 80 people, which is the capacity of Pine Jog. Volunteers will be needed, the details of which will be presented in November.
Hands-on Basic for Beginners- This will be held next Saturday on November 15th if 6-8 people sign up.
T-Shirts and Nametags: Both items are being made by suppliers and will be available shortly.
Lantana Greenfest- October 22 10AM-2PM
Orchard View Elementary School, Delray Beach, Autism outreach
Guest Speaker: Mark McCoy will be the November speaker
He will give a history of his organization and explain the challenges of a commercial beekeeper.
South Florida Fair: Volunteer sign-up sheet to be circulated and Roger will help signing up. Brendhan will be the coordinator for observation hives.
FSBA Conference- Will be held at the Orlando Holiday Inn, October 27, 28, 29, 2011.
Member Appreciation: There was some discussion about a free raffle give-away and member appreciation dinner/picnic. Dr. Kern suggested that volunteers could receive “free” shirts.
Scholarship: Suggestion of donating to a scholarship. It was noted that this could be for any amount.
Presentations to the public: It was suggested that a Powerpoint be made for members use to use for presentations. The association has a virtual hive with photos attached to frames.
FSBA- Annual conference will be held October 27-29 in Orlando. There is a free barbeque for those registered by October 15th. This conference will include the Master Beekeeping program.
Cottage Industry Law: You cannot sell honey by e-mail or you will be disqualified as a cottage industry.
Yahoo Groups: It was stated that this site was created for bee related topics.
Open position for apiary inspector: Dr. Kern stated that this position is now open, since Bud Grant retired. The state is willing to train an interested individual. Contact Jerry Hayes, Division of Plant Industry.
Bee documentary: Guest, James Reford, is creating a documentary on bees and their connection to the food supply. He had contacted Al Salopek after he saw a magazine article.
Meeting adjourned at 9:35 PM